A panel of three anti-glycoprotein 5 (gp5) protein monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) (15, 28 and 246) and three anti-nucleocapsid (N) protein mAbs (SDOW17, V017 and EP147) was used to investigate, by an indirect fluorescent antibody test, the antigenic variations of 50 Korean isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), and compare them with a US ATCC VR2332-derived attenuated vaccine strain and the reference European Lelystad strain of PRRSV. A multiplex PCR assay for the differentiation of European and North American genotypes of PRRSV was used to determine the genotype of the 50 Korean isolates. Forty-six (92 per cent) of the 50 Korean isolates shared the epitopes recognised by the anti-N protein mAb SDOW17. No reactivity to the anti-gp5 and anti-N protein mAbs was observed with the other four isolates. Six distinct patterns could be identified on the basis of their reactivities with the anti-PRRsv mAbs. All 50 isolates were identified as North American genotypes by the differential PcR.