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Early diagnosis of pregnancy in sows by ultrasound evaluation of embryo development and uterine echotexture
  1. F. De Rensis, MpH, PhD,DVetMed1,
  2. E. Bigliardi, DVetMed1,
  3. E. Parmigiani, DVetMed1 and
  4. A. R. Peters, BA, PhD,DVetMed, FRCVS, FIBiol2,1
  1. 1 Istituto di Clinica Ostetrica Veterinaria, Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria, via del Taglio 8,43100, Parma, Italy
  2. 2 Royal Veterinary College, Boltons Park Farm, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire EN6 1NB


Two operators attempted to detect pregnancy ultrasonographically in 196 sows daily from 15 to 25 days after insemination; 20 unbred sows were also investigated. The probe was applied transcutaneously on the right abdominal wall near the last three mammary glands. During each examination, the embryos were visualised and their transverse and longitudinal dimensions were measured. Pregnancy was confirmed by an ultrasonographic detection of embryos five days after the first ultrasound diagnosis and finally 30 to 32 days after insemination. The accuracy of diagnosis was less than 83 per cent on days 15, 16 and 17 but improved to more than 90 per cent from day 18 onwards. The uterine echotexture was studied in seven sows at oestrus and 15, 17, 19, 21, 23 and 25 days after insemination. The echotexture was more homogeneous from days 15 to 25 after insemination than at oestrus.

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