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Anatomy of the patent ductus venosus in the dog
  1. R. N. White, BSc, BVetMed, MRCVS1 and
  2. C. A. Burton, BVetMed, PhD, MRCVS2,1
  1. 1 Davies White Veterinary Specialists, Manor Farm Business Park, Higham Gobion, Hitchin SG5 3HR
  2. 2 Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hawkshead Lane, Hatfield AL9 7TA

Abstract

The biplanar umbilical vein portovenograms of 49 newborn puppies and the biplanar mesenteric vein portovenograms, obtained during surgery, of 42 adult dogs with left divisional intrahepatic portosystemic shunts consistent with a patent dudus venosus (PDv) were reviewed. On the basis of the combined surgical, postmortem and imaging data, the left divisional intrahepatic portosystemic shunts were consistent, each having a straight vessel which drained into a venous ampulla before draining into the caudal vena cava at the level of the diaphragm. The left phrenic vein and the left hepatic vein both entered the ampulla independently of the shunting vessel. The morphology of the ductus venosus in the pups was similar and consistent with the morphology of the left divisional intrahepatic PDV shunt of the adult dogs. It is concluded that this form of left divisional shunt is correctly named a PDV and is the result of the persistence of the fetal ductus venosus. From the surgical records it is concluded that all the shunts described as a PDV were attenuated by the dired manipulation of the ductus venosus before its entry into the ampulla.

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