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Equine glanders in Turkey
  1. S. Arun, DVM, DrVetMed1,
  2. H. Neubauer, DrVetMed2,
  3. A. Gürel, DVM, PhD1,
  4. G. Ayyildiz, DVM1,
  5. B. Kusçu, DVM1,
  6. T. Yesildere, DVM, PhD1,
  7. H. Meyer, DrVetMed2 and
  8. W. Hermanns, DrVetMed3
  1. 1 Institute for Animal Pathology, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
  2. 2 Institute for Microbiology, Sanitaetsakademie der Bundeswehr, Neuherbergstrasse 11, D-80937 Munich, Germany
  3. 3 Institute for Veterinary Pathology, University of Munich, Veterinaerstrasse 13, D-80539 Munich, Germany
  1. Institute for Veterinary Pathology, University of Munich, Veterinaerstrasse 13, D-80539 Munich, Germany

Abstract

In the course of an epidemiological study of glanders on a number of Turkish islands in the Sea of Marmara, 1128 horses were examined by using the intracutaneous mallein test. Thirty-five (3.1 per cent) developed an increase in rectal temperature and a swelling at the point of injection. Ten of these horses were killed and glanders was confirmed in five cases by the presence of lesions and by the immunohistological demonstration of the causative agent, Burkholderia mallei. Clinical and pathological findings indicated that in all cases the infection was restricted to the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity with its parasinus, the nostrils and the upper lips. It was confirmed that equine glanders is endemic in Turkey.

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