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Newcastle disease outbreaks in domestic fowl and turkeys in Great Britain during 1997
  1. D. J. Alexander, BTech, PhD, EurBiol, CBiol FIBiol, FRCPath, DSc1,
  2. H. T. Morris, BVSc, DVSM, MRCVS2,
  3. W. J. Pollitt, BVSc, MRCVS3,
  4. C. E. Sharpe, BVetMed, MRCVS4,
  5. R. L. Eckford, BVM&S, MRCVS5,
  6. R. M. Q. Sainsbury, BVM&S, MRCVS6,
  7. L. M. Mansley, BVMS, MVM, MRCVS7,
  8. R. E. Gough, FIMLS, CBiol MIBiol1 and
  9. G. Parsons1
  1. 1 Virology Department, Central Veterinary Laboratory (Weybridge), Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB
  2. 2 North Wales Animal Health Division, Crown Building, Penrallt, Caemarfon, Gwynedd LL55 lEP
  3. 3 Chief Veterinary Officer's Group, Hook Rise South, Tolworth, Surbiton, Surrey KT6 7NF
  4. 4 Animal Health Office, Ceres House, 2 Searby Road, Lincoln LN2 4DW
  5. 5 Government Buildings, Picton Terrace, Carmarthen SA31 3BT
  6. 6 Animal Health Division, Pydar House, Pydar Street, Truro TR1 2XD
  7. 7 Forfar Area Office, Jeanfield House, 4 Jeanfield Road, Perth PHI 1PQ

Abstract

Between January 6 and April 23, 1997, 11 outbreaks of Newcastle disease were confirmed in Great Britain, four in broiler chickens and seven in turkeys. Although the viruses isolated gave intracerebral pathogenicity indices in day-old chicks between 1.65 and 1.95, the clinical signs of disease in field infections were variable and not always associated with high mortality, especially in turkeys. Epidemiological investigations indicated that the majority of the outbreaks occurred as a result of secondary spread by human agency from two or more primary infected flocks. The presence of similar outbreaks in Scandinavian countries in 1996 and the unusual patterns of movement of migratory birds at the end of 1996 and beginning of 1997 suggest they may have been responsible for the primary introduction of the causative virus into Great Britain.

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