A whole-body extract of Culicoides impunctatus induced a biphasic increase in oedema formation in ponies with insect hypersensitivity, with maxima after one and eight hours. The Culicoides antigen did not induce similar responses in ponies with no previous history of the disease. In insect-hypersensitive ponies the local administration of chlorpheniramine (12 μg) completely inhibited oedema formation in response to histamine (0.04 μg) and to Culicoides antigen (0.5 μg) at one hour, and the response to Culicoides antigen at eight hours was inhibited by 63 per cent. Chlorpheniramine also partially inhibited the accumulation of eosinophils and neutrophils induced by Culicoides antigen after two hours.
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