Five lambs were infected experimentally with Ehrlichia phagocytophila and examined regularly during the next six months. The lambs all had recurrences of parasitaemia at various times but had a fever on only 21 per cent of these occasions. A reduced number of leucocytes was observed in all the lambs for at least eight weeks. All the lambs were still infected four months after inoculation with E phagocytophila. After six months, blood from four of the five lambs was infective when inoculated into susceptible lambs.