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Acute pancreatitis in chickens due, to non-virulent Newcastle disease virus
  1. G. Meulemans, DVM1,
  2. S. Roels, DVM1,
  3. T. P. van den Berg, DVM, PhD1,
  4. J. Godfroid, DVM1 and
  5. M. Decaesstecker, LicBiol1
  1. 1 Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre, 99 Groeselenberg, 1180 Brussels, Belgium


A non-virulent Newcastle disease virus (strain APMV-1 96/89 VB) was isolated from a broiler chicken from a backyard flock. Using monoclonal antibodies, the virus was shown to be different from the vaccinal virus strains Hitchner, La Sota and Ulster. The virus was shown to replicate in the pancreas of one-day-old specific pathogen-free chickens infected orally, and the histological lesions observed in the pancreas of chickens inoculated with the fourth chicken passage of the virus five to nine days after infection were consistent with an acute pancreatitis.

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