No differences were observed between cattle and Indian buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in terms of temperature, viraemia or virus replication in the pharyngeal area, during the acute phase of foot-and-mouth disease. Like cattle, the Indian buffalo became infected and excreted virus before any clinical signs of foot-and-mouth disease developed. The disease was transmitted from cattle to buffalo and vice versa, during the acute stage of infection, as if the animals had been of the same species, presumably because of their close phylogenetic relationship. There were more tongue lesions in the cattle than in the buffalo. Foot lesions in the buffalo at first had a scaley appearance, but later became vesicular. Anti-virus infection associated antigen and neutralising antibodies were synthesised at the same time in both species and reached similar titres in the same period. Persistent infection in the buffalo during the first 35 days after infection was similar to that in the cattle.
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