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Meat safety consequences of implementing visual postmortem meat inspection procedures in Danish slaughter pigs
  1. J. Mousing, DVM, PhD1,
  2. J. Kyrval, DVM1,
  3. T. K. Jensen, DVM, PhD2,
  4. B. Aalbæk, DVM3,
  5. J. Buttenschøn, DVM, PhD4,
  6. B. Svensmark, DVM, PhD5 and
  7. P. Willeberg, DVM, PhD, DVSc6
  1. 1 Federation of Danish Pig Producers and Slaughterhouses, Axeltorv 3, DK-1609 Copenhagen V, Denmark
  2. 2 Danish Veterinary Laboratory, Bülowsvej 27, DK-1790 Copenhagen V, Denmark
  3. 3 Department of Microbiology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Bülowsvej 13, DK-1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
  4. 4 Ministry of Agriculture, Veterinary Services, Vestjyske Slagterier, DK-8961 Allingåbro, Denmark
  5. 5 Federation of Danish Pig Producers and Slaughterhouses, DK-8620 Kjellerup, Denmark
  6. 6 Division of Ethology and Health, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Bülowsvej 13, DK-1870

Abstract

The consequences of a change from a traditional meat inspection procedure, including manual handling, palpation and incision, to an entirely visual postmortem meat inspection procedure in Danish slaughter pigs were assessed by a comparative study of the two methods in 183,383 slaughter pigs. Out of 58 lesion codes (selected with a prevalence ≥5.5 x 10−5), 26 (45 per cent) were assessed either as merely aesthetic or as the healed stage of an earlier lesion and nine (15 per cent) as active, but local processes, occurring only in non-edible tissue. Five lesion codes (9 per cent) were assessed as active, nonabscessal processes occurring in edible tissue, caused by swine-specific pathogens and 10 (17 per cent) were abscessal or pyaemic lesions occurring in edible tissue. Seven lesion codes (12 per cent) may be associated with consumer health hazards (two frequently and five rarely), and one with occupational health hazards. It was estimated that per 1000 carcases, an additional 2 5 with abscessal or pyaemic lesions (in edible tissue) containing Staphylococcus aureus, 4 x 10−4 containing ochratoxin, 0.2 with arthritis due to Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, 0.1 with caseous lymphadenitis, 0.7 faecally contaminated with Salmonella species, and 3.4 faecally contaminated with Yersinia enterocolitica would remain undetected as a result of changing from the traditional to the visual inspection procedure. Two valuable reasons for implementing a visual control system are the potential for decreased cross-contamination (no handling, cutting and incision) and reduced inspection costs. The resources released as a result may be reallocated to hygiene and surveillance programmes.

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