The persistence of the efficacy of moxidectin was evaluated against experimental gastrointestinal nematode infections in 55 lambs randomly allocated to 11 equal groups and infected on day 0. Moxidectin 1 per cent injectable solution was administered at a dose rate of 0.2 mg moxidectin/kg bodyweight to five of the groups on days -42, -35, -28, -21 and -14; five other groups were treated with moxidectin 0.1 per cent oral drench at the same dose rate on days -35, -28, -21, -14 and -7, and the 11th group remained untreated as a control. The lambs were infected experimentally with 8000 Teladorsagia circumcincta, 2000 Haemonchus contortus and 10,000 Trichostrongylus colubriformis infective larvae and killed three weeks later. Both formulations of moxidectin showed excellent activity against T circumcincta and H contortus with almost 100 per cent efficacy against the abomasal parasites for up to 35 days after treatment. The efficacy of moxidectin 1 per cent injectable against T colubriformis was much higher (> 99 per cent) than that of the oral drench and it was highly effective up to 21 days after treatment, and gave a moderate reduction in worm burden for up to 35 days after treatment. No adverse reactions to moxidectin were observed in any of the animals.
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