Article Text

Comparative efficacy of closantel and triclabendazole against Fasciola hepatica in experimentally infected sheep
  1. L Maes,
  2. O Vanparijs,
  3. H Lauwers and
  4. W Deckers
  1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Research and Information, Janssen Research Foundation, Beerse, Belgium.

Abstract

The effect of closantel (10 mg/kg orally) and triclabendazole (10 mg/kg orally) on the reappearance of a patent infection of Fasciola hepatica was studied in experimentally infected sheep. The treatments resulted in the interruption of faecal egg output for 11 weeks with triclabendazole and 13 weeks with closantel. Necropsy of untreated control animals revealed a mean burden of 360 flukes with a mean (+/- se) surface area of 171 +/- 64.3 mm2, whereas the fluke burdens in the closantel and triclabendazole-treated animals 14 weeks after treatment were 61 (83 per cent reduction) and 21 (94 per cent reduction), respectively. The surface areas of the flukes in the triclabendazole-group were comparable with the untreated controls (141 +/- 51.8 mm2), but the flukes in the closantel group were markedly smaller (43.1 +/- 26.9 mm2). It is concluded that closantel has, in epidemiological terms, a potency comparable with that of triclabendazole, despite its slightly lower efficacy against the very immature stages.

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