Article Text

Induction of anaesthesia in dogs and cats with propofol
  1. BM Weaver and
  2. D Raptopoulos
  1. Wellcome Comparative Anaesthetic Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Surgery, University of Bristol, Langford.

Abstract

Propofol was used to induce anaesthesia in 89 dogs and 13 cats of either sex, various breeds and of widely different ages and weights; they varied considerably in physical condition and were anaesthetised for a variety of investigations and surgical procedures. They were premedicated with acepromazine, papaveretum, diazepam, pethidine, atropine and scopolamine in different combinations. After induction with propofol, anaesthesia was maintained with halothane, isoflurane, methoxyflurane and enflurane and, or, nitrous oxide. The mean (+/- sd) induction doses of propofol in unpremedicated and premedicated animals were 5.2 +/- 2.3 mg/kg and 3.6 +/- 1.4 mg/kg respectively for dogs, and 5.0 +/- 2.8 mg/kg and 5.3 +/- 4.3 mg/kg for cats. There were no differences between the sexes. Premedication did not affect recovery times. The incidence of side effects was very low. One dog showed evidence of pain when propofol was injected. No incompatibility was observed between propofol and the premedicants and other anaesthetic agents used.

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