This paper is the first report of the production of a dermonecrotic toxin by pasteurella strains that do not belong to the species Pasteurella multocida subspecies multocida. Four strains, isolated from cattle with atrophic rhinitis, were characterised phenotypically. The strains were related to pasteurellaceae, but their taxonomic position remained unclear. The strains produced a toxin that caused a haemorrhagic dermonecrosis in guinea pigs and was lethal to mice. Both effects were neutralised by an antiserum against the purified dermonecrotic toxin of P multocida subspecies multocida. Western blot analysis of culture filtrates of the bovine strains revealed a protein, with the same molecular weight as dermonecrotic toxin, which reacted with both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against the toxin. In an immunodiffusion test, anti-dermonecrotic toxin serum did not discriminate between the toxin of the bovine strains and the toxin of P multocida subspecies multocida. It is concluded that these atypical pasteurella strains produce a toxin that is closely related to the dermonecrotic toxin of P multocida subspecies multocida.