The efficacy of long-acting oxytetracycline in the control of pneumonic pasteurellosis in lambs was tested on seven Scottish farms. After laboratory confirmation of pasteurella-related deaths in lambs, half the lambs in each flock were given long-acting oxytetracycline (20 mg/kg intramuscularly) and half were left untreated. On three farms a single treatment was given and on four farms two doses were administered four days apart. Eighteen of the 878 control lambs died as a result of confirmed Pasteurella haemolytica pneumonia compared with one of the 878 treated lambs. In addition nine of the control lambs were diagnosed clinically to have pasteurellosis which responded to treatment with oxytetracycline. None of the treated lambs were seen to be ill during the trial.