A killed gI-negative vaccine combined with a gI enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test was used for the first time in Sweden in an attempt to eradicate Aujeszky's disease from a weaner pig producing herd. The herd had experienced three severe outbreaks of the disease during a 10 year period and at the start of the programme 96 per cent of the herd's 104 breeding animals were seropositive to the Aujeszky's virus. In addition, there was serological evidence of active virus circulation among younger animals. During the programme, all breeding animals were vaccinated every sixth month and replacement animals were tested free of disease and vaccinated before entry into the herd. When the originally seropositive animals had been rotated out of the herd, all breeding animals and a sample of weaner pigs were tested twice at six weeks' interval. No seroconversions to gI had taken place and the herd was declared Aujeszky's disease-free, 22 months after the start of the programme.