The effect of the administration of recombinant human interferon on the severity of clinical disease and the extent of pneumonic lesions in calves infected experimentally with bovine parainfluenza 3 (PI3) virus was studied in two experiments. In the first, three pairs of calves aged seven to 10 days were used; one of each pair was injected intramuscularly with 10(6) units of interferon/kg bodyweight for three consecutive days, and the other was left untreated. On the day after the first injection of interferon all the calves were challenged with PI3 virus, a different dose being administered to each pair. There was no evidence of any protective effect from the treatment with interferon. The second experiment used eight, six-week-old calves; four were inoculated in the same way with interferon and all the calves were challenged with the same dose of PI3. Again, there was no evidence of a reduction either in the severity of clinical disease or in the extent of lung consolidation in the calves treated with interferon.