This study was designed to evaluate the effects of exogenous prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) on hormone secretion in cows without a corpus luteum. Blood samples were taken from 10 Friesian dairy cows at frequent intervals from a jugular vein and the caudal vena cava starting between nine and 20 days after parturition. PGF2 alpha (25 mg dinoprost) was injected intramuscularly into five cows after the first eight hours of sampling. Plasma concentrations of 13,14-dihydro 15-keto PGF2 alpha (PGFM) increased rapidly but had returned to baseline by 14 hours after injection. There was no significant effect of the treatment on the time taken by the cows to resume ovarian cycles, and it had no consistent effect on plasma luteinising hormone (LH) patterns; however the amplitude of pulses of LH was temporarily suppressed in two cows and the frequency of pulses of LH was immediately increased in one cow. Treatment with PGF2 alpha had no significant effect on the concentration of oestradiol in blood from the vena cava. It is concluded that any enhancement of the reproductive performance of cows treated with PGF2 alpha after parturition is not due to a direct effect on pituitary-ovarian function.