A three-way crossover study was carried out in 10 dogs and nine cats to establish the pharmacokinetic parameters of the semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotic, cephalexin sodium, when administered orally, subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Ten dogs received a subcutaneous or intramuscular injection of 10 mg/kg bodyweight cephalexin or an oral dose of three 50 mg cephalexin tablets; the peak serum concentrations achieved were 24.9, 31.9 and 18.6 micrograms/ml, respectively, and the times taken to reach these peak levels were 1.2, 0.9 and 1.8 hours. Nine cats received either a subcutaneous or intramuscular dose of 0.25 ml cephalexin suspension (approximately 20 mg/kg bodyweight) or an oral dose of one 50 mg tablet; the peak serum concentrations achieved were 54.0, 61.8 and 18.7 micrograms/ml for the subcutaneous, intramuscular and oral administrations respectively, with times to peak concentrations of 1.1, 0.7 and 2.6 hours.
- British Veterinary Association. All rights reserved.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.