Article Text

Seasonal comparisons of anthelmintic activity of levamisole pour-on in cattle in the USA
  1. BP Seibert,
  2. J Guerrero,
  3. KM Newcomb,
  4. DT Ruth and
  5. BJ Swites

Abstract

Anthelmintic activity of a pour-on formulation of levamisole, applied during warm weather (16 degrees to 36 degrees C) at 10 mg/kg bodyweight, was evaluated in groups of naturally parasitised calves. This activity was compared to that obtained in similar groups of calves treated in the winter (-4 degrees to +7 degrees C). Controlled efficacy of the pour-on formulation was determined for each season by comparing mean worm burdens in treated calves sacrificed seven to nine days after treatment to non-treated controls. In these trials, burdens of Bunostomum phlebotomum, Cooperia species, Haemonchus placei, Nematodirus species, Oesophagostomum radiatum, Ostertagia ostertagi and Trichostrongylus axei in treated calves were reduced by 83.3 to 100 per cent in the summer and 89.2 to 100 per cent in the winter. Field investigations at nine locations across the USA compared changes in faecal egg counts for cattle treated and evaluated during warm summer months (27 degrees to 36 degrees C) to those treated during cold winter months (-18 degrees to +10 degrees C). Overall, faecal egg counts were reduced by 90.2 per cent in the summer trials and 94.0 per cent in the winter trials. The results of these trials indicate that there is no seasonal variation in the anthelmintic activity of this pour-on formulation of levamisole.

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